Fashion Blogger Rebecca Moore Howard

Visual Rhetoric

Anderson, Phil, and Anne Aronson.  “Visualizing the Academic Essay.”  Questioning Authority:  Stories Told in School.  Ed. Linda Adler-Kassner and Susanmarie Harrington.  Ann Arbor:  U Michigan P, 2001.  115-134.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Film Essays and Criticism (Wisconsin Studies in Film) Brenda Benthien (Translator). 1997.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Genesis of a Painting: Picasso’s Guernica. 1994.

Arnheim, Rudolf. New Essays on the Psychology of Art 1986.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Revealing Vision Kent Kleinman (Editor), Leslie Van Duzer (Editor) 1997)

Arnheim, Rudolf. The Dynamics of Architectural Form: Based on the 1975 Mary Duke Biddle Lectures at the Cooper Union 1978.

Arnheim, Rudolf. The Power of the Center : A Study of Composition in the Visual Arts: The New Version 1988.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Thoughts on Art Education (Occasional Paper Series Vol 2) 1990

Arnheim, Rudolf. To the Rescue of Art : Twenty Six Essays 1992

Arnheim, Rudolf. Visual Thinking 1989.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Art and Visual Perception : A Psychology of the Creative Eye. 1983

Arnheim, Rudolf. Entropy and Art : An Essay on Disorder and Order 1983.

Arnheim, Rudolf. Film As Art 1989

Arnheim, Rudolf. The Split and the Structure: Twenty-Eight Essays 1996

Arnheim, Rudolf. Toward a Psychology of Art: Collected Essays 1966.

Bang, Molly. Picture This: How Pictures Work. New York: SeaStar Books, 2000.

Bang, Molly. Picture This: Perception and Composition. Boston : Little, Brown, 1991.

Banks, Marcus. Using Visual Data in Qualitative Research. Sage.

Bartholomae, David, and Anthony Petrosky.  Ways of Reading Words and Images.  Boston:  Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2003.

Belsey, Catherine. “Textual Analysis as a Research Method.” Research Methods for English Studies. Ed. Gabriele Griffin. Edinburgh University P, 2005. 157-174.

Belting, Hans. “Image, Medium, Body: A New Approach to Iconology.” Critical Inquiry 31.2 (Winter 2004): 302-319.

Besanon, Alain. The Forbidden Image: An Intellectual History of Iconoclasm. Trans. Jean Marie Todd. U Chicago P.

Berger, Arthur Asa. Seeing is Believing: An Introduction to Visual Communication. 2nd Ed. Mayfield, 1998.

Berger, John, and Jean Mohr. Another Way of Telling. Vintage, 1995.

Bernhardt, Stephen A. “Seeing the Text.” College Composition and Communication 37.1 (February 1986): 66-78.

Bernstein, J.M. “Aporia of the Sensible: Art, Objecthood and Anthropomorphism.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 218-237.

Betts, Katherine.  “Copy Rites.”  Vogue (September 1994):  148, 154.

Bielstein, Susan M. Permissions, A Survival Guide: Blunt Talk about Art as Intellectual Property. U Chicago P, 2006.

Bierut, Michael. “I Am a Plagiarist.” Design Observer 11 May 2006.

Bordo, Susan.  “The Empire of Images in Our World of Bodies.”  Chronicle of Higher Education 19 December 2003.  <>.

Bordo, Susan. Twilight Zones: The Hidden Life of Cultural Images from Plato to O.J. Berkeley: U California P, 1998.

Bruhn, Matthias. “Visualization Services: Stock Photography and the Picture Industry.” Genre 36.3-4 (2003).

Buchanan, Richard. “Design and the New Rhetoric: Productive Arts in the Philosophy of Culture.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 34.3 (2001) 183-206.

Burns, Christy. “Suturing Over Racial Difference: Problems for a Colorblind Approach in a Visual Culture.” Discourse 22.1 (Winter 2000):  70-91.

Campbell, Kim Sydow.  Coherence, Continuity, and Cohesion:  Theoretical Foundations for Document Design.  Hillsdale, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 1992.

Carson, Fiona, and Claire Pajaczkowska, eds. Feminist Visual Culture. New York: Routledge, 2001.

Carter, Christopher. “Writing with Light: Jacob Riis’s Ambivalent Exposures.” College English 71.2 (Nov. 2008).

Chapman, Myra. Plain Figures Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Childers, Pamela B., Eric H. Hobson, and Joan A. Mullin. Articulating: Teaching Writing in a Visual World. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1998.

Childers, Pamela B., and Michael J. Lowry. “Connecting Visuals to Written Text and Written Text to Visuals in Science.” Across the Disciplines (2005).

Cohen, Benjamin R. “The Element of the Table: Visual Discourse and the Preperiodic Representation of Chemical Classification.” Configurations 21.1 (Winter 2004).

Connors, Robert J. “Actio: A Rhetoric of Manuscripts.” Rhetoric Review 2 (Fall 1983): 64-73.

Conover, Theodore E. Graphic Communications Today 3rd ed. (or 4th?) West Publishing Company, St. Paul, MN, 1995.

Davey, Nicholas. “The Hermeneutics of Seeing.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 3-29.

Dondis, Donis A. A Primer of Visual Literacy. Cambridge: MIT, 1973.

Dragga, Sam, and Gwendolyn Gong. Editing: The Design of Rhetoric. Amityville, NY: Baywood, 1989.

Duffelmeyer, Barb Blakely, and Anthony Ellertson. “Critical Visual Literacy: Multimodal Communication Across the Curriculum.” Across the Disciplines (2005).

Duncan, Susan. “Autopsy as Gaze: The Construction of the Hermaphroditic Corpse as a Text of Sexual Difference.” Bodily Boundaries, Sexualised Genders and Medical Discourses. Ed. Marion de Ras and Victoria Grace. Palmerston, New Zealand: Dunmore, 1997. 127-45.

Dunn, Patricia A. Talking Sketching Moving: Multiple Literacies in the Teaching of Writing. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 2001.

Faber, Brenton D.  Community Action and Organizational Change:  Image, Narrative, Identity.  Carbondale:  Southern Illinois UP, 2002.

Film, photography.

Finberg, Howard I., and Bruce D. Itule. Visual Editing: A Graphic Guide for Journalists. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1990.

Finnegan, Cara A. “Recognizing Lincoln: Image Vernaculars in Nineteenth-Century Visual Culture.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs 8.1 (2005).

Finnegan, Cara A. “What Is This a Picture Of?: Some Thoughts on Images and Archives.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs 9.1 (2006)

Fleckenstein, Kristie S., Linda T. Calendrillo, and Demetrice A. Worley, eds.  Language and Image in the Reading-Writing Classroom:  Teaching Vision.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002.

Fleckenstein, Kristie S.  “Words Made Flesh:  Fusing Imagery and Language in a Polymorphic Literacy.”  College English 66.6 (July 2004):  612-631.

Fountain, T. Kenny. “The Visual Rhetoric of Nostalgia:, the Information Age, and the Lost Community of Learning.” Conference on College Composition and Communication. Chicago, IL. 24 March 2006.

Fox, Roy F. Images in Language, Media, and Mind. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1994.

Gaines, Jane. Contested Culture: The Image, The Voice, and the Law. U NC P, 1991.

Gardiner, Michael. “Bakhtin and the Metaphorics of Perception.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 57-73.

Garrett-Petts, W.F., and Donald Lawrence, Eds. Integrating Visual and Verbal Literacies. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Inkshed Publications, 1996.

Garrett-Petts, W.F., and Donald Lawrence. PhotoGraphic Encounters: The Edges and Edginess of Reading Prose Pictures and Visual Fictions. U of Alberta P, 2000.

“Gays Banned from National Parks Civil Service Group Says.” 23 December 2003.  <>.

George, Diana, and Diane Shoos.  “Deflecting the Political in the Visual Images of Execution and the Death Penalty Debate.”  College English 67.6 (July 2005):  587-609.

George, Diana.  “From Analysis to Design:  Visual Communication in the Teaching of Writing.”  College Composition and Communication 52.1 (September 2002):  11-39.

Gombrich, E.H. Art and Illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation. Princeton UP, 1969.

Grassi, Ernesto. Rhetoric as Philosophy: The Humanist Tradition. Trans. John Michael Krois and Azizeh Azodi. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2001.

Grigar, Dene. “Kineticism, Rhetoric, and New Media Artists.” Computers and Composition 22.1 (2005): 105-112.

Handa, Carolyn, ed.  Visual Rhetoric in a Digital World:  A Critical Sourcebook.  Boston:  Bedford, 2004.

Harold, Christine, and Kevin Michael DeLuca. “Behold the Corpse: Violent Images and the Case of Emmett Till.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs 8.2 (2005).

Hariman, Robert, and John Louis Lucaites. No Caption Needed: Iconic Photographs, Public Culture, andÊLiberal Democracy.ÊUniversity of Chicago, 2007.

Harrison, Claire. “Visual Social Semiotics: Understanding How Still Images Make Meaning.” Technical Communication 50.1 (2003): 46-61.

Hassett, Michael, and Rachel W. Lott. “Seeing Student Texts.” Composition Studies 28.1 (Spring 2000): 29-47.

Hawisher, Gail E., and Patricia A. Sullivan.  “Fleeting Images:  Women Visually Writing the Web.”  Passions, Pedagogies and 21st Century Technologies. Ed. Gail E. Hawisher and Cynthia L. Selfe.  Urbana, IL:  National Council of Teachers of English, 1999.  268-291.

Heller, Steven. Design Literacy (Continued): Understanding Graphic Design. New York: Allworth, 1999.

Helmers, Marguerite. “Displaying the Visual.” College English 71.2 (Nov. 2008).

Hesford, Wendy S. “Visual Auto/biography, Hysteria, and the Pedagogical Performance of the ‘Real.’” JAC: A Journal of Composition Theory 20.2 (Spring 2000): 349-390.

Heywood, Ian, and Barry Sandywell, eds. Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. New York: Routledge, 1998.

Heywood, Ian, and Barry Sandywell, eds. “Explorations in the Hermeneutics of Vision.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. ix-xviii.

Heywood, Ian. “‘Ever More Specific’: Practices and Perception in Art and Ethics.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 198-217.

Hill, Charles A., and Marguerite Helmers, eds.  Defining Visual Rhetorics.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003.

Hill, Charles A.  “Reading the Visual in College Writing Classes.” Intertexts:  Reading Pedagogy in College Writing Classrooms. Ed. Marguerite Helmers.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003.

Hill, Diane. “The ‘Real Realm’: Value and Values in Recent Feminist Art.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 143-161.

Hilligoss, Susan. Visual Communication: A Writer’s Guide. New York: Longman, 2000.

Hocks, Mary E., and Michelle R. Kendrick, eds.  Eloquent Images:  Word and Image in the Age of New Media.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT P, 2003.

Hocks, Mary E.  “Understanding Visual Rhetoric in Digital Writing Environments.”  College Composition and Communication 54.4 (June 2003):  629-656.

Huff, Darrell. How to Lie with Statistics. New York: Norton, 1954.

IMEF & MNC-I EFFECTS Exploitation Team.  “Telling the Fallujah Story to the World (Third Cut).”  PowerPoint presentation.  20 Nov. 2004.  Accessed online 5 Dec. 2004 <>.

Jasken, Julia.  “What’s So Funny about Peace, Love, and . . . Media Studies?”  Conference on College Composition and Communication.  New York.  21 March 2003.

Jay, Martin. Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. U California P, 1993.

Jenks, Chris. “Durkheim’s Double Vision.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 74-96.

Jones, Caroline A. “The Modernist Paradigm: The Artworld and Thomas Kuhn.” Critical Inquiry 26.3 (Spring 2000): 488-528.

Journal of Visual Literacy and the International Visual Literacy Association ( )

Kaufer, David S., and Brian S. Butler.  Designing Interactive Worlds with Words:  Principles of Writing as Representational Composition.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000.

Kaufer, David S.  “From Tekhne to Technique:  Rhetoric as a Design Art.”  Rhetorical Hermeneutics:  Invention and Interpretation in the Age of Science.  Eds. Alan G. Gross and William M. Keith.  Albany:  SUNY P, 1996.  247-278.

Kimball, Miles A. “London Through Rose-Colored Graphics: Visual Rhetoric and Information Graphic Design in Charles Booth’s Maps of London Poverty.” Journal of Technical Writing and Communication 36.4 (2006).

Koenigsberger, Kurt. “Of Blind Men and Elephants: Globalization and the Image.” Genre 36.3-4 (2003).

Kress, Gunther.  “‘English’ at the Crossroads:  Rethinking Curricula of Communication in the Context of the Turn to the Visual.”  Passions, Pedagogies and 21st Century Technologies. Ed. Gail E. Hawisher and Cynthia L. Selfe.  Urbana, IL:  National Council of Teachers of English, 1999.  66-88.

Kress, Gunther. “Gains and Losses: New Forms of Texts, Knowledge, and Learning.” Computers and Composition 22.1 (2005): 5-22.

Kress, Gunther, and Theo Van Leeuwen. Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. London: Routledge, 1996.

Lanham, Richard. The Electronic Word. U of Chicago P.

Laseau, Paul. Graphic Thinking. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, Co., 1980. Longman, 1989.

LaSpina, James Andrew. The Visual Turn and the Transformation of the Textbook. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1998.

Levin, David Michael. “My Philosophical Project and the Empty Jug.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 185-197.

Little, Greta D. “Visual Style.” Publication of the American Dialect Society 78 (1994): 40-7.

Lopuck, Lisa. Designing Multimedia: A Visual Guide to Multimedia and Online Graphic Design. Berkeley, CA: Peachpit, 1996.

Lubin, David M. Shooting Kennedy: JFK and the Culture of Images. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003

Lynch, Dennis A., and Anne Frances Wysocki.  “From First-Year Composition to Second-Year Multiliteracies:  Integrating Instruction in Oral, Written, and Visual Communication at a Technological University.” WPA:  Writing Program Administration 26.3 (Spring 2003):  149-170.

Manning, Alan and Nicole Amare. ” Visual-rhetoric Ethics: Beyond Accuracy and Injury.” Technical Communication 53.2 (May 2006): 195-211.

Margolin, Victor, ed. Design Discourse: History, Theory, Criticism. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1989.

Marling, Karal Ann. As Seen on TV: The Visual Culture of Everyday Life in the 1950s. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1994.

Massironi, Manfredo.  The Psychology of Graphic Images:  Seeing, Drawing, Communicating.  Trans. Nicola Bruno. Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002.

McComiskey, Bruce.  “Visual Rhetoric and the New Public Discourse.”  JAC 24.1 (2004):  187-206.

McDonagh, Deana, Nan Goggin, and Joseph Squier. “Signs, Symbols, and Subjectivity: An Alternative View of the Visual.” Computers and Composition 22.1 (2005): 79-86.

McQuade, Donald, and Christine McQuade.  Seeing and Writing.  Boston:  Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2000.

Meggs, Philip. A History of Graphic Design. 1983. John Wiley & Sons, 1998.

Messaris, Paul. Visual Literacy: Image, Mind, and Reality. Boulder: Westview, 1994.

Messaris, Paul. Visual Persuasion: The Role of Images in Advertising. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1997.

Michel, Anthony J. “Visual Rhetorics and Classroom Practices: Negotiating ‘Contact Zones’ in Julie Dash’s Daughters of the Dust.Alternative Rhetorics: Challenges to the Rhetorical Tradition. Ed. Laura Gray-Rosendale and Sibylle Gruber. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2001. 167-184.

Mirzoeff, Nicholas, ed. The Visual Culture Reader. New York: Routledge, 1998.

Mirzoeff, Nicholas. An Introduction to Visual Culture. New York: Routledge. Forthcoming.

Mitchell, W.J.T. Iconology:  Image, Text, Ideology.  U Chicago P, 1986.

Mitchell, W.J.T. “The Panic of the Visual: A Conversation with Edward W. Said.” Boundary 2 25.2 (Summer 1998).

Mitchell, W.J.T. Picture Theory: Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation. U Chicago P, 1994.

Mitchell, W.J.T.  The Reconfigured Eye:  Visual Truth in the Post-Photographic Era.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT P, 1994.

Monmonier, Mark. How to Lie with Maps. 2nd ed. U Chicago P, 1996.

Monmonier, Mark. Mapping It Out: Expository Cartography for the Humanities and Social Sciences. U Chicago P, 1993.

Moran, Charles. “Powerful Medicine with Long-Term Side Effects.” Computers and Composition 22.1 (2005): 63-68.

Morris, Robert. “Size Matters.” Critical Inquiry 26.3 (Spring 2000): 474-487.

Morrison, Andrew. “Inside the rings of Saturn.” Computers and Composition 22.1 (2005): 87-100.

Moxey, Keith. “Disciplines of the Visual: Art History, Visual Studies, and Globalization.” Genre 36.3-4 (2003).

Nast, Heidi J., and Audrey Kobayashi. “Re-Corporealizing Vision.” Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. Ed. Nancy Duncan. New York: Routledge, 1996. 75-96.

Nelson, Robert S. “The Slide Lecture, or The Work of Art History in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.” Critical Inquiry 26.3 (Spring 2000): 414-434.

Newton, Julianne H.  The Burden of Visual Truth:  The Role of Photojournalism in Mediating Reality. Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001.

Noden, Harry R.  Image Grammar: Using Grammatical Structures to Teach Writing.  Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook, 1999.

Noe, Alva, and Evan T. Thompson, eds.  Vision and Mind:  Selected Readings in the Philosophy of Perception.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT P, 2002.

Odell, Lee, and Karen McGrane.  “Bridging the Gap:  Integrating Visual and Verbal Rhetoric.” Inventing a Discipline:  Rhetoric Scholarship in Honor of Richard E. Young.  Ed. Maureen Daly Goggin.  Urbana, IL:  National Council of Teachers of English, 2000.  207-236.

Olsen, Florence.  “Butterfly Ballot Lures Students to Information-Design Course at U. of Massachusetts.”  The Chronicle of Higher Education 4 January 2001.  <> 4 January 2001.

Opmer, Ruth L. “A Visual Aid to Writing Improvement.” Language Activities: Classroom Practices in Teaching English, 1973-1974. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1973. 34-36.

Orr, Susan, Margo Blythman, and Joan Mullin. “Designing Your Writing/Writing Your Design: Art and Design Students Talk About the Process of Writing and the Process of Design.” Across the Disciplines (2005).

Ott, Brian L., and Greg Dickinson. “Visual Rhetoric and/as Critical Pedagogy.” The Sage Handbook of Rhetorical Studies. Ed. Andrea A. Lunsford. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2009. 391-406.

Parker, Ian. “Absolute Powerpoint.” The New Yorker (28 May 2001): 76-87.

Phillipson, Michael, and Chris Fisher. “Seeing Becoming Drawing: The Interplay of Eyes, Hands and Surfaces in the Drawings of Pierre Bonnard.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 123-142.

Pink, Sarah. Doing Visual Ethnography. 3rd. ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2013.

Prelli, Lawrence J., ed. Rhetorics of Display. Columbia: U South Carolina P, 2006.

Price,Margaret, and Anne Bradford Warner. “What You See Is (Not) What You Get: Collaborative Composing In Visual Space.” Across the Disciplines (2005).

Prier, Raymond. Thauma Idesthai: The Phenomenology of Sight and Appearance in Archaic Greek. Gainesville: UP of Florida, 1989.

Principles for the Visual Novice. Berkeley: Peachpit Press, 1994.

Prosser, Jon. “Visual Methodology: Toward a More Seeing Research.”  The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research. 4th ed. Ed. Norman K. Denzin and Yvonna S. Lincoln. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2011. 479-496.

Ranker, Jason. “Composing Across Multiple Media: A Case Study of Digital Video Production in a Fifth Grade Classroom.” Written Communication 25.2 (April 2008): 196-234.

Read, Brock.  “News Organization at Brigham Young U. Returns Awards for Copied Web-Site Design.”  Chronicle of Higher Education 3 June 2003.  <>.

Reiss, Donna.  “Picture Exchange:  Sharing Images and Ideas in First-Year Composition.”  Strategies for Teaching First-Year Composition.  Ed. Duane Roen, Veronica Pantoja, Lauren Yena, Susan K. Miller, and Eric Waggoner. Urbana, IL:  NCTE, 2002.  164-166.

Richardson, M. L., M. S. Frank, and E. J. Stern. “Digital Image Manipulation: What Constitutes Acceptable Alteration of a Radiologic Image?” American Journal of Roentgenology 164 (1995): 228-229.

Rose, Gillian. Visual Methodologies: An Introduction to the Interpretation of Visual Materials. 2001.

Rossner, Mike, and Kenneth M. Yamada. “What’s in a Picture? The Temptation of Image Manipulation.” Journal of Cell Biology 166.1 (2004): 11-15.

Sandywell, Barry. “Specular Grammar: The Visual Rhetoric of Modernity.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 30-56.

Schilb, John.  “Toward a Rhetoric of Visual Fragments:  Analyzing Disjunctive Narratives.”  JAC 22.4 (2002).

Schor, Naomi. “Blindness as Metaphor.” Differences 11.2 (Summer 1999).

Schultz, Lucille M. “Elaborating Our History: A Look at Mid-19th Century First Books of Composition.” College Composition and Communication 45.1 (February 1994): 10-30.

Schwenger, Peter. “Corpsing the Image.” Critical Inquiry 26.3 (Spring 2000): 395-413.

Scott, Linda M., and Rajeev Batra, eds.  Persuasive Imagery:  A Consumer Response Perspective.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003.

Segal, Charles P. “Gorgias and the Psychology of Logos.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 66 (1962): 99-155.

Selzer, Jack, and Sharon Crowley, eds. Rhetorical Bodies. Madison: U Wisconsin P, 1999.

Shapiro, Gary.  Archaeologies of Vision:  Foucault and Nietzsche on Seeing and Saying.  U Chicago P, 2003.

Sheridan, David M. “Words, Images, Sounds: Writing Centers as Multiliteracy Centers.” The Writing Center Director’s Resource Book. Ed. Christina Murphy and Byron L. Stay. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2006. 339-350.

Shin, Sun-Joo.  The Iconic Logic of Peirce’s Graphs. Cambridge, MA:  MIT P, 2002.

Shoos, Diane, Diana George, and Joseph Comprone. “Twin Peaks and the Look of Television: Visual Literacy in the Writing Class.” Journal of Advanced Composition 13 (1993): 459-475.

Sinatra, Richard. Visual Literacy Connections to Thinking, Reading, and Writing. Springfield: Charles C. Thomas, 1986.

Smith, Anna, Matthew Hall, and Nick Sousanis. “Envisioning Possibilities: Visualising as Enquiry in Literacy Studies.” Literacy 49.1 (Jan. 2015): 3-11.

Smith, Dinitia.  “Harvard Expert on Shakespeare Branches Out.”  New York Times 30 December 2000.  <> 2 January 2001.  [file Theory]

Smith, John A. “The Denigration of Vision and the Renewal of Painting.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 162-182.

Smith, Shawn Michelle. American Archives: Gender, Race, and Class in Visual Culture. Princeton UP.

Snyder, Ilana, and Michael Joyce, eds. Page to Screen: Taking Literacy into the Electronic Era. New York: Routledge, 1997.

Spindler, Amy M.  “French Court Finds Copyright in a Design.”  New York Times (19 May 1994):  D4.

Stafford, Barbara Maria, ed. Good Looking: Essays on the Virtue of Images. MIT Press, 1996.

Stafford, Barbara Maria. Visual Analogy:  Consciousness as the Art of Connecting.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT P, 2001.

Stanbury, Sarah. “Regimes of the Visual in Premodern England: Gaze, Body, and Chaucer’s Clerk’s Tale.” New Literary History 28.2 (Spring 1997).

Stieglitz, Alfred. “Pictorial Photography.” Scribner’s Magazine 26.5 (1899): 528-537.

Stroupe, Craig. “Visualizing English: Recognizing the Hybrid Literacy of Visual and Verbal Authorship on the Web.” College English 62.5 (May 2000): 607-632.

Sturken, Marita, and Lisa Cartwright.  Practices of Looking:  An Introduction to Visual Culture.  New York:  Oxford UP, 2001.

Taylor, Mark C. & Esa Saarinen. Imagologies : Media Philosophy by . (London ; New York, NY : Routledge, 1994)

Tietje, Louis, and Steven Cresap. “Hegemonic Visualism.” Radical Pedagogy 2005.

Tomkins, Silvan S. Affect, Imagery, Consciousness.  Springer Publishing Company, 1962-92.

Tremonte, Colleen M. “Film, Classical Rhetoric and Visual Literacy.” Journal of Teaching Writing 14.1-2 (1995): 3-20.

Trimbur, John. “Theory of Visual Design.” Coming of Age: The Advanced Writing Curriculum. Ed. Linda K. Shamoon, Rebecca Moore Howard, Sandra Jamieson, and Robert A. Schwegler. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 2000. 106-114.

Tufte, Edward R. Envisioning Information. Cheshire: Graphics, 1990.

Tufte, Edward R. Visual Explanations: Images and Quantitites, Evidence and Narrative. Cheshire, CT: Graphics P, 1997.

Turnley, Melinda. “Contextualized Design: Teaching Critical Approaches to Web Authoring through Redesign Projects.” Computers and Composition 22.2 (2005): 131-148.

Wang, Eugene Y. “The Winking Owl: visual Effect and Its Art Historical Thick Description.” Critical Inquiry 26.3 (Spring 2000): 435-473.

Westbrook, Steve. “Visual Rhetoric in a Culture of Fear: Impediments to Multimedia Production.” College English 68.5 (May 2006).

Wheeler, Tom.  Phototruth or Photofiction?  Ethics and Media Imagery in the Digital Age.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 2002.

Whiteley, Nigel. “Readers of the Lost Art: Visuality and Particularity in Art Criticism.” Interpreting Visual Culture: Explorations in the Hermeneutics of the Vision. Ed. Ian Heywood and Barry Sandywell. New York: Routledge, 1998. 99-122.

Wildbur, Peter. Information Graphics. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1989.

Williams, Robin.  The Non-Designer’s Design Book:  Design and Typographic Principles for the Visual Novice.  Berkeley, CA:  Peachpit P, 1994.

Wysocki, Anne Frances. “awaywithwords: On the Possibilities in Unavailable Designs.” Computers and Composition 22.1 (2005): 55-62.

Wysocki, Anne Frances. “Impossibly Distinct: On Form/Content and Word/Image in Two Pieces of Computer-Based Interactive Multimedia.” Computers and Composition 18 (2001): 209-234.

Wysocki, Anne Frances. “Seeing the Screen: Research into Visual and Digital Writing Practices.” Handbook of Research on Writing. Ed. Charles Bazerman. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2008. 599-612.

Yoos, George. “How Pictures Lie.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly 24.1-2 (Winter/Spring 1994): 107-119.