Fashion Blogger Rebecca Moore Howard

Literacy Crises

Bartlett, Thomas.  “Why Johnny Can’t Write, Even Though He Went to Princeton.”  The Chronicle of Higher Education 49.17 (3 January 2003):  A39.  <> 3 January 2003.

Bauer, Laurie, and Peter Trudgill, eds.  Language Myths.  New York:  Penguin, 1998.

Cazden, Courtney B., and David K. Dickinson.  “Language in Education:  Standardization Versus Cultural Pluralism.”  Language in the USA.  Ed. Charles A. Ferguson and Shirley Brice Heath.  New York:  Cambridge UP, 1981.  446-469.

The College Board.  “National Commission Calls for a Writing Revolution.”  25 April 2003.  <>.  30 April 2003.

The College Board.  “Ten-Year Trend in SAT Scores Indicates Increased Emphasis on Math Is Yielding Results;  Reading and Writing Are Causes for Concern.”  Princeton, NJ:  College Entrance Examination Board, 2002.

Connors, Robert.  “Crisis and Panacea in Composition Studies: A History.” Composition in Context: Essays in Honor of Donald C. Stewart.  Ed. W. Ross Winterowd and Vincent Gillespie.  Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois UP, 1994.  86-108.  [file Comp History]

Connors, Robert J., and Andrea A. Lunsford.  “Frequency of Formal Errors in Current College Writing, or Ma and Pa Kettle Do Research.”  College Composition and Communication 39 (1988):  395-409.

Connors, Robert J.  “Mechanical Correctness as a Focus in Composition Instruction.”  College Composition and Communication 36 (1985):  61-72.

Daniels, Harvey A. Famous Last Words: The American Language Crisis Reconsidered.  Southern Illinois UP, 1983.

“Deconstructing Composition.”  Colloquy.  Chronicle of Higher Education 13 March 2003.  <>.  14 March 2003.

Dillon, Sam.  “What Corporate America Can’t Build:  A Sentence.”  New York Times 7 Dec. 2004.  12 Dec. 2004 <>.

Freund, Deborah.  “A Strategic Partnership for Innovative Research and Education.”  Syracuse University, 28 March 2001.  <>.  30 April 2003.

Freund, Deborah.  “A Strategic Partnership for Innovative Research and Education (A-SPIRE):  An Academic Plan for Syracuse University.”  Syracuse University, April 2001.  <>.  30 April 2003.

Gee, James Paul. Social Linguistics and Literacies: Ideology in Discourses. 2nd ed. Bristol, PA: Taylor and Francis, 1996.

Haswell, Richard.  Gaining Ground in College Writing: Tales of Development and Interpretation.  Southern Methodist UP, 1991.

Hill, Jane H.  “The Racializing Function of Language Panics.” Language Ideologies:  Critical Perspectives on the Official English Movement.  Vol. 2.  Ed. Roseann Due–as Gonz‡lez.  Urbana, IL:  National Council of Teachers of English, 2001.  245-267.

Jenkins, Henry, and David Thorburn.  “The Digital Revolution, the Informed Citizen, and the Culture of Democracy.”  Democracy and New Media.  Ed. Henry Jenkins and David Thorburn.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT P, 2003.  1-20.

Johnson, Steven. “Dawn of the Digital Natives.” The Guardian 7 Feb. 2008.

Lewin, Tamara.  “Writing in Schools Is Found Both Dismal and Neglected.”  New York Times 26 April 2003.  <>.  30 April 2003.

MacFarquhar, Laura.  “Who Cares if Johnny Can’t Read?”  Slate 17 April 1997.  <>.  Accessed 9 June 2003.

McLemee, Scott.  “Deconstructing Composition.”  Chronicle of Higher Education 21 March 2003.  <>.  14 March 2003.

Musgrove, Laurence. “The Real Reasons Students Can’t Write.” Inside Higher Ed 28 Apr. 2006.

The National Commission on Writing in America’s Schools and Colleges.  “The Neglected ‘R’:  The Need for a Revolution in Writing Instruction.”  The College Board.  April 2003.  <>.  30 April 2003.

Prose, Francine.  “I Know Why the Caged Bird Cannot Read:  How American High School Students Learn to Loathe Literature.”  Harper’s Magazine (September 1999):  76-80, 82-84.

Read, Madlen.  “Too Many Workers Are Bad Writers.” 14 Sept. 2004.  22 Dec. 2004 <>.

Resnick, Daniel, and Lauren B. Resnick.  “The Nature of Literacy:  An Historical Exploration.”  Harvard Educational Review 47 (1977):  370-385.

Ridgley, Stanley.  “College Students Can’t Write?”  National Review 19 February 2003.  23 February 2003.  <>.

Rooney, Megan.  “Survey Finds Split between What College Instructors and High-School Writing Teachers Value in Student Writing.”  Chronicle of Higher Education 9 April 2003. <>.

Rose, Mike.  “The Language of Exclusion: Writing Instruction at the University.” College English 47 (1985): 341-359.

Russell, David R. Writing in the Academic Disciplines, 1870-1990: A Curricular History. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1991.

Schroeder, Christopher.  “Academic Literacies, Legitimacy Crises, and Electronic Cultures.”  Journal of Literacy and Technology 1.2 (Spring 2001).  <>.

Sheils, Merrill.  “Why Johnny Can’t Write.”  Newsweek 92 (8 December 1975):  58-65.

Standards for Success.  Center for Educational Policy Research, 2003.  <>.  30 April 2003.

Stone, Marvin.  “Bonehead English.”  Time 106 (11 November 1974):  106.

Stone, Marvin.  “Due Dismay about Our Language.”  U.S. News and World Report 86 (23 April 1979):  102.

Strauss, Valerie.  “Educators Demand Upgrade in Writing.”  The Washington Post 13 May 2003.  < >.  Accessed 13 May 2003.


Trimbur, John.  “Literacy and the Discourse of Crisis.”  The Politics of Writing Instruction: Postsecondary.  Ed. Richard Bullock, John Trimbur, and Charles Schuster.  Portsmouth, NH:  Heinemann, 1991.  277-295.

Winerip, Michael.  “Discovering Crisis, Again and Again.”  New York Times 30 April 2003.  <>.  Accessed 13 May 2003.