Friday, October 19, 2018

Empirical research methods


“Empirical inquiry—that is, any investigations whose claims are based on evidence—is about falsification. We seek to make a claim and then see if we or others can falsify it. If it is falsified, we learn something. The field, as a whole, moves forward. In that sense, empirical inquiry is a social endeavor. We look to our colleagues to help us by trying to falsify our claims” (Gee, How to Do Discourse Analysis, 29).

see also:

discourse analysis

Addison, Joanne, and Sharon James McGee, eds.  Feminist Empirical Research:  Emerging Perspectives on Qualitative and Teacher Research. Portsmouth, NH:  Heinemann Boynton/Cook, 1999.

Berkenkotter, Carol.  “The Legacy of Positivism in Empirical Composition Research.”  Journal of Advanced Composition 9.1-2 (1989):  97-111.

Daly, John A., and Michael D. Miller.  “The Empirical Development of an Instrument to Measure Writing Apprehension.”  Research in the Teaching of English 9 (1975):  242-9.

Hayes, John R., Michele Matchett, Cindy Cochran, Richard Young, and Maggie McCaffrey, eds. Reading Empirical Research Studies: The Rhetoric of Research. Lawrence Earlbaum Associates, 1992.

Herrington, Anne.  “Reflections on Empirical Research:  Examining Some Ties Between Theory and Action.”  Theory and Practice in the Teaching of Writing:  Rethinking the Discipline.  Ed. Lee Odell.  Carbondale:  Southern Illinois UP, 1993.  40-70.

Holdstein, Deborah H., and Tim Redman.  “Empirical Research in Word-Processing:  Expectations vs. Experience.”  Computers in Composition  3 (1985):  43-54.

Lauer, Janice M., and J. William Asher.  Composition Research:  Empirical Designs.  New York:  Oxford UP, 1988.

Maizel, Richard, and Caroline Hodges Persell. How Sampling Works. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1996.

McNealy, Mary Sue. Strategies for Empirical Research in Writing. Longman, 1999.

Putnam, Hilary.  “After Empiricism.”  Post-Analytic Philosophy.  Ed. John Rajchman and Cornel West.  New York:  Columbia UP, 1985, 20-30.

Roozen, Kevin, and Karen J. Lunsford. “‘One Story of Many to Be Told’: Following Empirical Studies of College and Adult Writing through 100 Years of NCTE Journals.” Research in the Teaching of English, 46.2 (Nov. 2011): 193-209.